Learn Tenses Exercises with Answers pdf notes– In this article, we learn Tense along with structure and sentence rules; this article will make you aware of Tense rules from basic to moderate labels; so that making sentences in English become easy for you;
Tense that represent the time primarily ” Present tense, Past Tense, and Future Tense, so here It is to understand only the time action and rules, once you know that you will be able to speak and make sentences using Tense,
before we start ahead about this topic, we may expect that you might know about these given below
- Sentence – (SUB, Verb, Object).
- Person (First ,2nd and 3rd person ) along with the concept of subject and Singular & Plural,
- Types of sentence
- Verb forms,
- WH family,
Let’s understand Sentence that will help in Tense-
|You Read a Book||You||Read||Book|
|She is singing a song||She||sing||song|
|They are playing cricket||They||Play||cricket|
|1st person||2nd person||3rd Person|
|I/we||You||He, she, they, it, this that, etc,|
3rd -Types of Sentence –
|Types of Sentence||List-1||List-2||List-3|
|Affirmative||Sita reads her Book||They are Going to market.||You have a packet of Biscuit,|
|Negative||Sita doesn’t read her book||They are not going to market.||You don’t have a packet of Biscuit.|
|Interrogative||Does Sita read her Book?.||Are they going to market?||Do you have a packet of Biscuit?.|
|Negative interrogative||Does Sita not read her book?||Are they not going to market?||Don’t you have a packet of biscuit?.|
|WH family||Where does Sita read her Book?.|
How does Sita Read her Book?.
|Why are they not going to market?.|
When they are going to market ?.
Let’s understand types of Tense & Exercises with Answers pdf.
We know that Tense is the form of a verb in a sentence which reveals the sorts of the relation between work done and time; in a sense of Present, Past, and Future, like The work is happening at the present time, work was done in the past time, or A work will be done in the future time,
So the Tense has three types
- Present Tense
- Past Tense
- Future tense,
Rules of Present tense -Friends, Present action of work is the action of Present Tense, it has four types of sub-branches,
(1). Present indefinite Tense–
We do use this rule when a certain work takes place at present time, like, He goes to market, I go to my office Daily, Please note that we always make the sentence in present tense when there are the following conditions below-
- Regular action of work – (You go to school Daily)
- Irregular action – (Fluids come in India).
- Universal truth – (The Sun rises in the East,)
- Habits – (I Drink water daily.)
Structure rule for Present indefinite tense - Subject + V1+s/es +object +other words
Note-Newspaper headlines and Cricket commentary have been used with the rule of Present indefinite tense,
For interrogative sentence - Do/does +SUBJECT+ V1+ OBJECT ,For example - Do they visit the market ?. Does he play cricket?.
Note-2, Friends, S/es comes with a verb depending upon Singular Subject, if Subject is singular then you can use S/ES in keeping with the v1, for example –
Sita Sings a Song, They go to market, He goes to market, Check the 1st sentence includes a Subject (SITA) which is a Singular person, thus S is used with V1, while in 2nd sentence, Subject (They) is plural, so S/es is not used with They, similarly 3rd sentence has a Singular subject thus ES used,
- Example- Ram eats a mango ( Subj+v1+s+ obj) – Correct ,
- They goes to market ( Subj+v1+obj..) – Incorrect , so the correct is – They go to market,
Present perfect tense rules understanding –
it shows that work is finished recently, so you can use the following rules to make the sentence using Present perfect tense,
For example– I have come to Delhi recently. The subject (I is the first person) and Have +V3(come) +Delhi
Affirmative rule– Sub +have/has +v3+ object
Negative rule– Sub+ have/has+v3+Not+ object, – Example ( You have not attended that meeting)
Interrogative rule– Have/has +Sub+ v3+object?, ex– (Have you completed your work? ).
Negative Interrogative rule – Haven’t/hasn’t +Sub +v3+ object?, (Haven’t you cooked food?)
Present perfect continuous tense rules
in a sense of This sub-type of tense reveal that work was started in the past but the same work is also happening at present, that we often consider the type of sense under the Present perfect continuous tense rules,
For instance- I had joined a company ABC in 2010, and I am still working in the Same company ABC 2022, so when we combine it, we find that I have been working in the Company ABC for 12 years,
Affirmative Rules- Sub+have/has +been+v1+ing+obj+for/since+Time Negative sentence- Sub+have/has+not+been+v1+ing+obj+for/since+Time Interogative sentence- has/have+sub+been+v1+ing+obj+for/since+time? Negative interogative- Hasn't/haven't +sub+been+v1+ing+obj+for/since+time?. or Has/have+Sub+not+been+v1+ing+obj+for/since+time ?.
- He has been teaching for two hours..
- You have been staying in Delhi for 5 years.
- They have been studying for four hours
- Ram has not been smoking since his childhood.
- Have they been waiting for bus since morning ?.
- Haven’t you been staying here for one hour?.
Understanding Present continuous tense 
Present continuous tense shows that word is happening at the time of speaking, Like, I am doing that work Now, but not necessarily apply the similar sense that shows the work action at the time of speaking because It has also happened that work is in progress but has not seen in present status. but the type of work activities of action to be considered under Present continuous Tense.
For example – You are reading this article now
Note- To show the nearest work action that is supposed to have happened in the future also comes under the Present continuous tense,
For example- I am going to Chennai Day after tomorrow
Affirmative Rules- Sub + is/am/are+ v1+ing+ obj Negative - Sub +is/am/are+ Not+ v1+ing+obj. Question- Is/am/are+ Sub+v1+ing+obj. Negative interogative- Is/am/are+Sub+not+v1+ing+obj?. or Isn't/aren't +Sub+v1+ing+obj?.
- I am going to complete my task.
- He is going to bring a peace of woods.
- You are not beating him.
- Why They are abusing him ?.
- Aren’t we going to market today?.
- are We not going to market today?.
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